高中英语易混易错词汇总结(下)

2017-07-25 15:14:21

高中英语易混易错词汇总结(下)
51. in class, in the class
in class在课上,in the class在班级里 He is the best student in the class.
52. on fire, on the fire
on fire着火,on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.
53. out of question, out of the question
out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的
54. a second, the second
a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize.
55. by day, by the day
by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.
56. the people, a people
the people指人,a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.
57. it, one
it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.
58. that, this
that指代上文所提到的,this导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…
59. none, nothing, no one
none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人
How many…/How much…? --- None.
60. anyone, any one
anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you
61. who, what
who指姓名或关系,what指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.
62. what, which
what的选择基础是无限制的,which在一定范围内进行选择 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?
63. other, another
other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student
64. not a little, not a bit
not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。
65. many, much, a lot of
many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.
66. much more…than, many more…than
much more…than后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful
67. no, not
no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water
68. no more than, not more than
no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过
69. majority, most
majority只能修饰可数名词,most可数不可数均可 the majority of people
70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself
by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself.
71. at all, after all
at all根本,全然, after all到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.
72. tall, high
tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall.
73. fast, quickly
fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly
74. high, highly
high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of
75. healthy, healthful
healthy健康的,健壮的,healthful有益于健康的 healthful exercise
76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy
sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.
77. gold, golden
gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring
78. most, mostly
most用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词,mostly大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly…
79. just, very
just表强调时是副词,作状语,very表强调时是形容词,用作定语 the very man, just the man
80. wide, broad
wide侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad侧重于幅面的宽广broad shoulders
81. real, true
real真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story
82. respectful, respectable
respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged
83. outwards, outward
二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面,outward还可用作形容词 an outward voyage
84. pleasant, pleased, pleasing
pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing.
85. understanding, understandable
understanding明白事理的,能体谅的,understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake
86. close, closely
close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close
87. ill, sick
ill做表语,sick定,表均可 a sick boy
88. good, well
good形容词,well副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again.
89. quiet, silent, still
quiet安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent不发出声音,但可以动,still完全不动,完全无声响 He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。
90. hard, hardly
hard努力,hardly几乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it.
91. able, capable
able与不定式to do连用,capable与of连用 He is capable of doing…
92. almost, nearly
二者均为"几乎,差不多" 和否定词连用用almost almost nobody
93. late, lately
late迟,晚,lately最近,近来 I haven't seen him lately.
94. living, alive, live, lively
living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能做定语,lively意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive
95. excited, exciting
excited使人兴奋的,exciting令人兴奋的 I'm excited. The news is exciting.
96. deep, deeply
deep具体的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep
97. aloud, loud
aloud出声地,loud大声地 read aloud(出声地读)
98. worth, worthy
二者均为值得,worth后接doing,worthy后接to be done, of being done
It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.
99. bad, badly
bad形容词,badly副词,不好,但与need, want, require连用为"很,非常" go bad I need the book badly.
100. before long, long before
before long不久以后,long before很久以前 not long before = before long
 
(江门补习)
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